ma rainey wiki

[33] In 1928, she worked with Dorsey again and recorded 20 songs, before Paramount terminated her contract. It’s true I wear a collar and tie. Category:Ma Rainey. She signed a recording contract with Paramount, and in December she made her first eight recordings in Chicago,[19] including "Bad Luck Blues", "Bo-Weevil Blues" and "Moonshine Blues". She toured until 1935, when she largely retired from performing and continued as a theater impresario in her hometown of Columbus, Georgia until her death four years later. Click any label to sort. Ma Rainey, eredeti nevén Gertrude Pridgett (Columbus, Georgia, 1886. április 26. Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. [34] Her style of blues was no longer considered fashionable by the label. The classification, by Sandra Lieb, is almost entirely by form. selon les conventions filmographiques. Ma Rainey's Black Bottom. It based on the play of the same name by August Wilson. [22] In the same year, she embarked on a tour of the Theater Owners Booking Association (TOBA) in the South and Midwest of the United States, singing for black and white audiences. [10], Beginning in 1914, the Raineys were billed as Rainey and Rainey, Assassinators of the Blues. Rainey had no problem saying that she thought she was unattractive. She is known as the “Mother of the Blues”. Le Blues de Ma Rainey voir film > Le Blues de Ma Rainey streaming en complet | Regardez un film en ligne ou regardez les meilleures vidéos HD 1080p gratuites sur votre ordinateur de bureau, ordinateur portable, ordinateur portable, tablette, iPhone, … [51], This sortable table presents all 94 titles recorded by Rainey. The movie follows trailblazing blues singer Ma Rainey and her band who gather at a recording studio in Chicago in 1927. [7], In February 1904, Ma Rainey married William "Pa" Rainey. Ma Rainey est née à Colombus, en Géorgie, en 1886. Ma Rainey net worth before her death was around $2 million. Wintering in New Orleans, she met numerous musicians, including Joe "King" Oliver, Louis Armstrong, Sidney Bechet and Pops Foster. Viola Davis portrays Rainey in a 2020 film adaptation of the play, distributed by Netflix. Le Blues de Ma Rainey (Ma Rainey's Black Bottom) est un film américain réalisé par George C. Wolfe, sorti en 2020 sur Netflix. She was nearly six feet tall and weighed close to two hundred pounds. [15] Around this time, she met Bessie Smith, a young blues singer who was also making a name for herself. [23] She was accompanied by the bandleader and pianist Thomas Dorsey and the band he assembled, the Wildcats Jazz Band. Encyclopedia.com. [2] Pridgett claimed to have been born on April 26, 1886 (beginning with the 1910 census, taken April 25, 1910), in Columbus, Georgia. Le Blues de Ma Rainey est donc sa dernière apparition à l'écran[6]. They became so close that rumors circulated that their relationship was possibly also romantic in nature. They must've been women, 'cause I don't like no men. To return to chronological order, click, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 23:22. [31], Ma Rainey and Pa Rainey adopted a son named Danny. [31], Rainey was inducted into the Blues Foundation's Hall of Fame in 1983 and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1990. Gertrude "Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Pridgett, April 26, 1886 – December 22, 1939) was an American blues singer. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) Although some website lists her … She helped to pioneer a genre that appealed to North and South, rural and urban audiences. Rainey recorded with Thomas Dorsey and Louis Armstrong, and she toured and recorded with the Georgia Jazz Band. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Ma Rainey, la « mère du blues » travaille sur un nouvel album studio. Her first recording was made in 1923. Danny joined their act as well. Dixon, Robert M. W.; Godrich, John; and Rye, Howard W. (compilers) (1997). Sy jildt as Mem fan de Blues. [38][39][3], Ma Rainey created what is now known as "classic blues" while also portraying black life like never before. Ma Rainey estimated Net Worth, Biography, Age, Height, Dating, Relationship Records, Salary, Income, Cars, Lifestyles & many more details have been updated below. Starring: Viola Davis, Chadwick Boseman, Glynn Turman. [13] She formed the Alabama Fun Makers Company with her husband, Will Rainey, but in 1906 they both joined Pat Chappelle's much larger and more popular Rabbit's Foot Company, in which they were billed together as "Black Face Song and Dance Comedians, Jubilee Singers [and] Cake Walkers". [21], In 1924, Rainey recorded with Louis Armstrong, including on "Jelly Bean Blues", "Countin' the Blues" and "See, See Rider". [4] The "Mother of the Blues", she bridged earlier vaudeville and the authentic expression of southern blues, influencing a generation of blues singers. C'est dans cette ville qu'elle fit sa première apparition sur scène, à l'âge de quatorze ans [1]. Les sessions d'enregistrement sont marquées par des tensions entre l'artiste, son agent, son producteur blanc et ses musiciens. En juin 2019, cet accord est finalement conclu avec Netflix. [18] In 1923, Rainey was discovered by Paramount Records producer J. Mayo Williams. But She Broke More Than Musical Barriers", "Who Is Ma Rainey? Gertrude "Ma" Rainey (born Gertrude Pridgett, 1882 or 1886 – December 22, 1939)[1][2][3] was one of the earliest African-American professional blues singers and one of the first generation of blues singers to record. Jack Dupree, who was also an African American Blues Singer, stated that "She was a really ugly woman." Tensions and temperatures rise at a Chicago music studio in 1927 when fiery, fearless blues singer Ma Rainey joins her band for a recording session. Ma Rainey was born in Columbus, GA on April 26, 1886. Rainey developed a relationship with Bessie Smith. [35] It is unclear if she maintained the royalties to her songs after she was fired from Paramount. Denzel Washington signe un contrat avec la chaîne payante HBO pour produire neuf adaptations de pièces de théâtre d'August Wilson en films, notamment une adaptation de Ma Rainey's Black Bottom[2] (1982). Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie, "The True Story Of Ma Rainey From Netflix's 'Ma Rainey's Black Bottom, "Overlooked No More: Ma Rainey, the 'Mother of the Blues, "Ma Rainey's Lesbian Lyrics: 5 Times She Expressed Her Queerness in Song", "Ma Rainey Is Best Known as a Pioneer of the Blues. [14] She continued with the Rabbit's Foot Company after it was taken over by a new owner, F. S. Wolcott, in 1912. Elle rejoint ensuite des troupes itinérantes de vaudeville, minstrel show [2] et tent show [1]. She made more than 100 other recordings over the next five years, which brought her fame beyond the South. Let's check, How Rich is Ma Rainey in 2020-2021? The Mother of the Blues who was among the first Singers to infuse folk blues music into her performances. . Rainey was known as The "Mother of the Blues". [14] In 1910, she was described as "Mrs. Gertrude Rainey, our coon shouter". In her 2011 book Blues Legacies and Black Feminism, Angela Davis wrote that Rainey’s songs are full of women who “explicitly celebrate their right to conduct themselves as expansively and even as undesirably as men. Denzel Washington to Direct August Wilson Play for HBO in Broad Deal, Viola Davis, Chadwick Boseman & More To Star In Denzel Washington Netflix Pic Adaptation Of August Wilson’s ‘Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom’, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Le_Blues_de_Ma_Rainey&oldid=178549442, Adaptation d'une pièce de théâtre américaine au cinéma, Article contenant un appel à traduction en anglais, Article avec une section vide ou incomplète, Page pointant vers des bases relatives à l'audiovisuel, Portail:Époque contemporaine/Articles liés, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [52], ." (2020, November 22). "[30] At the time, an ad for the song embraced the genderbending outlined in the lyrics and featured Rainey in a three-piece suit, mingling with women while a police officer lurks nearby. À Chicago, 1927. Bluest 1902-től énekelt. [44] In 1994, the U.S. Post Office issued a 29-cent commemorative postage stamp honoring her. [1] Rainey claims she created the term "blues" when asked what kind of song she was singing. Szülei vándorló csoporttal járták az ország déli államait. How the 'Mother of the Blues' Became an Icon", "WHAT BLACK WRITERS OWE TO MUSIC (Published 1984)", "Ma Rainey International Blues Festivial - Mad About Ma Blues Society", "Rainey-McCullers School of the Arts opens as 2017-18 classes begin", "Netflix releases trailer for Chadwick Boseman's final movie", "Mo'Nique on Emmy Nomination for 'Bessie,' Lee Daniels' 'Empire' Snub: 'What You Put Out Is What You Get Back, Ma Rainey Blues Festival official website, Rainey, Ma (1886–1939) | Encyclopedia.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ma_Rainey&oldid=1000624135, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Misprint for "'Fore Day"; another take on JSP & DOCD. [7] However, the 1900 census indicates that she was born in September 1882 in Alabama, and researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc suggest that her birthplace was in Russell County, Alabama. In the following five years, she made over 100 recordings, including "Bo-Weevil Blues" (1923), "Moonshine Blues" (1923), "See See Rider Blues" (1924), "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" (1927), and "Soon This Morning" (1927).[6]. She was one of the first generation of blues singers to record. Her first group was the Alabama Fun Makers Company, and in 1906 she joined the Rabbit’s Foot Company. [else]Ma Rainey age . Upload media Wikipedia: Name in native language: Ma Rainey: Date of birth: 26 April 1886 Alabama Gertrude Pritgett: Date of death: 22 December 1939 Columbus: Manner of death: natural causes; Cause of death: myocardial infarction; … Ma Rainey began performing as a preteen when she appeared in a talent show in Columbus, Georgia. Rainey also said she learned the lyrics of the song and added it to her performances. [24] They began their tour with an appearance in Chicago in April 1924 and continued, on and off, until 1928. [A] A story later developed that Rainey kidnapped Smith, forced her to join the Rabbit's Foot Minstrels, and taught her to sing the blues; the story was disputed by Smith's sister-in-law Maud Smith. She died of a heart attack in 1939. – Rome, Georgia, 1939. december 22.) En juillet 2019, Taylour Paige, Jonny Coyne, Jeremy Shamos et Dusan Brown rejoignent ensuite la distribution[4]. Ma Rainey, American singer who was known as the ‘mother of the blues’ and was recognized as the first great professional blues vocalist. She also took part in black minstrel shows and sang in the church choir. Le Blues de Ma Rainey vf streaming complet. Pridgett, 26. huhtikuuta 1886 Columbus, Georgia – 22. joulukuuta 1939 Rome, Georgia) oli yhdysvaltalainen blueslaulaja, joka tunnettiin ”bluesin äitinä”. Theresa Merritt and Whoopi Goldberg starred as Rainey in the Original and Revival Broadway productions, respectively. Makes the wind blow all the while. Rainey said she found "Blues Music" when she was in Missouri one night performing and a girl introduced her to a sad song about a man leaving a woman. Ma Rainey's Black Bottom is a 1982 play – one of the ten-play Pittsburgh Cycle by August Wilson – that chronicles the 20th-century African-American experience. [45], The first annual Ma Rainey International Blues Festival was held in April 2016 in Columbus, Georgia, near the home that Rainey owned and lived in at the time of her death. Brown wrote a poem, "Ma Rainey," in 1932, about how "When Ma Rainey / comes to town" people everywhere would hear her sing. She is known for her charismatic stage performance and vibrant outfits. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. Template:Infobox musical artist Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett Rainey, better known as Ma Rainey (September, 1882 – December 22, 1939), was one of the earliest known professional blues singers and one of the first generation of such singers to record.1 She was billed as The Mother of the Blues. [16], From the late 1910s, there was an increasing demand for recordings by black musicians. "[40] In her songs, she and other black women sleep around for revenge, drink and party all night and generally live lives that "transgressed these ideas of white middle class female respectability. [28], According to the website queerculturalcenter.org, the lyrics refer to an incident in 1925 in which Rainey was "arrested for taking part in an orgy at [her] home involving women in her chorus". [43], Rainey was also a fashion icon who pioneered flashy, expensive costuming in her performances, wearing ostrich plumes, satin gowns, sequins, gold necklaces, diamond tiaras, and gold teeth. La postproduction du film est marquée par le décès de l'acteur Chadwick Boseman le 28 août 2020. In 2004, "See See Rider Blues" (performed in 1924) was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame and was added to the National Recording Registry by the National Recording Preservation Board of the Library of Congress. [31], Throughout the 1920s, Ma Rainey had a reputation for being one of the most dynamic performers in the United States due in large part to her songwriting, showmanship and voice. Gertrude Pridgett Rainey, betre kjend som Ma Rainey (26. april 1886–22. By 1914 she was performing with her husband as part of Rainey and Rainey, Assassinators of the Blues. Her qualities are present and most evident in her early recordings "Bo-Weevil Blues" and "Moonshine Blues". [10] She took on the stage name "Ma Rainey", which was "a play on her husband’s nickname, 'Pa'". The film, and its source play, focus on Ma Rainey, an influential blues singer, and dramatizes a recording session in 1927 Chicago. Ma Rainey Wiki; First Name: Ma: Last Name: Rainey: Job/Profession: Blues Singer: Died: Dec 22, 1939 ( age 53) Zodiac Sign: Taurus: Date of Birth: April 26, 1886: Place of Birth: Columbus, GA: Nationality: GA: Biography. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 7 janvier 2021 à 23:46. Ma Rainey's Black Bottom est une pièce de 1982 et est l'une des dix pièces de Pittsburgh Cycle d'August Wilson.Le titre de la pièce fait référence à une chanson du même titre de Ma Rainey faisant référence à la danse black bottom.. La pièce, qui raconte l'expérience afro-américaine du XX e siècle, se déroule à Chicago dans les années 1920. The Mother of the Blues who was among the first singers to infuse folk blues music into her performances. Vaikka Rainey ei ollut ensimmäinen bluesmusiikkia nauhoittanut laulaja, historioitsijat pitävät häntä yhtenä varhaisimmista blueslaulajista. Age, Biography and Wiki. Watch all you want. About. Les prises de vues s'achèvent le 16 août 2019[5]. Rainey was known for her powerful vocal abilities, energetic disposition, majestic phrasing, and a "moaning" style of singing. Pour plus de détails, voir Fiche technique et Distribution. La "Mère du Blues", elle a fait le pont entre le vaudeville et l'expression authentique du blues sudiste, influençant une génération de chanteurs de blues. [10], In 1935, Rainey returned to her home town, Columbus, Georgia, where she ran three theatres, the Lyric, the Airdome, and the Liberty Theatre[37] until her death. 16 Oct. 2020 . Le tournage débute le 8 juillet 2019 à Pittsburgh, où est recréé le Chicago des années 1920. In 1981, Sandra Lieb wrote the first full-length book about Rainey, Mother of the Blues: A Study of Ma Rainey. [1][20] Paramount marketed her extensively, calling her the "Mother of the Blues", the "Songbird of the South", the "Gold-Neck Woman of the Blues" and the "Paramount Wildcat". Blues songs which are only partly of twelve-bar structure are classified as mixtures of blues and popular song forms. Ma Rainey is a member of Blues Singer. Ma's birthday April 26, 1886. Il s'agit d'une adaptation cinématographique de la pièce de théâtre Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1982) d'August Wilson mettant en scène la chanteuse de blues Ma Rainey. [31], Unlike many blues singers of her day, Rainey wrote at least a third of the songs she sang including many of her most famous works such as "Moonshine Blues" and "Ma Rainey's Black Bottom" which would become standards of the "classic blues" genre. Sure got to prove it on me. As a musical innovator she built on the minstrelsy and vaudeville performative traditions with comedic timing and a hybrid of American blues traditions she encountered in her vast tours across the country. Scroll below and check more […] Her deep contralto voice was a powerful instrument with which to convey the depth of her songs of everyday life and emotion, and she was renowned for her flamboyant performances. [42] Bragging about sexual escapades was popular in men's songs at the time but her use of these themes in her works established her as both fiercely independent and fearless and many have drawn connections between her use of these themes and their modern use in Hip-Hop. amerikai blues-énekesnő, a legelsők egyike. [32], Towards the end of the 1920s, live vaudeville went into decline, being replaced by radio and recordings. Although most of Rainey's songs that mention sexuality refer to love affairs with men, some of her lyrics contain references to lesbianism or bisexuality,[27] such as the 1928 song "Prove It on Me": They said I do it, ain't nobody caught me. [50], Mo'Nique played Rainey in the 2015 HBO television film Bessie about the life of Bessie Smith, for which she earned a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Limited Series or Movie nomination. It was also rumored that Smith once bailed Rainey out of jail. Around this time she visited New Orleans and was introduced toLouise Armstrong, Betty Smith,and other musicians and singers. Elle rejoint ensuite des troupes itinérantes de vaudeville, minstrel show [2] et tent show [1]. Gertrude „Ma“ Rainey, berne Pridgett (Kolumbus, 26 april 1886 - 22 desimber 1939, Rome, Georgia, Feriene Steaten) wie ien fan de earste Amerikaanske beropssjongers fan de blues en ien fan de earsten dy't har wurk op de plaat setten. Some Ma Rainey images. [5], Gertrude Pridgett began performing as a teenager and became known as "Ma" Rainey after her marriage to Will "Pa" Rainey in 1904. C'est dans cette ville qu'elle fit sa première apparition sur scène, à l'âge de quatorze ans [1]. She later claimed that she was first exposed to blues music around 1902. 1900 Census for Columbus Ward 5, Muscogee, Georgia, District 4, Enumeration district 91, Sheet 16A, line 20, 'Prigett, Gertrude, Sept 1882, 17. Cette section est vide, insuffisamment détaillée ou incomplète. Ma Rainey est née à Colombus, en Géorgie, en 1886. Ma Rainey est née à Colombus, en Géorgie, en 1886. Eleinte a család tagjaként énekelt és fellépett cirkuszokban és különböző műsorokban. Ma Rainey was an African-American blues singer. She became the musical inspiration for the famed Harlem Renaissance poet Langston Hughes and folklorist author Sterling Brown. Ma Rainey Age, Height & Birthday Ma was born on April 26 & She has been died on Dec 22, 1939 ( age 53). [31], Her signature low and gravelly voice sung with Rainey's gusto and authoritative style inspired imitators from Louis Armstrong, Janis Joplin and Bonnie Raitt among others. [46][47] In 2017, the Rainey-McCullers School of the Arts opened in Columbus, Georgia, named in honor of Rainey and author Carson McCullers. Gertrude" Ma" Rainey (née Gertrude Pridgett, du 26 avril 1886 au 22 décembre 1939) fut l'une des premières chanteuses de blues professionnelles afro-américaines et l'une des premières générations de chanteurs de blues à enregistrer. [1][12] A member of the First African Baptist Church, she began performing in black minstrel shows. [1], There is uncertainty about the birth date of Gertrude Pridgett. Sources are unclear on the exact date and circumstances under which Rainey and Smith met, but it was probably sometime between 1912 and 1916. 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Pour plus de détails, voir Fiche technique et Distribution on the,! Was nearly six feet tall and weighed close to two hundred pounds of! Travaille sur un nouvel album studio 7 janvier 2021 à 23:46 style of singing made... Office issued a 29-cent commemorative postage stamp honoring her Rainey African-American blues singer, stated that `` was. Jump to navigation jump to search Ma Rainey est née à Colombus, en 1886 our shouter. [ 33 ] in 1920, Mamie Smith was the Alabama Fun Makers Company, and in 1906 joined. Learned the lyrics of the blues who was among the first full-length book about Rainey, Assassinators the! Compilers ) ( 1997 ) 51 ], this sortable table presents all 94 titles recorded by.... Et Dusan Brown rejoignent ensuite la Distribution [ 4 ] charismatic stage performance and vibrant outfits some writers, Lieb! A really ugly woman. they began their tour with an appearance in Chicago in April 1924 and,! 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